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Dental treatments that are commonly performed in dental clinics are given under:
It is a restorative procedure that uses a special tooth-colored resin (plastic) to repair decayed, cracked, chipped and discolored teeth. It also helps in closing tooth gaps. In this, resin is applied to the tooth which is then bonded and hardened with a special light. It can be done in a dental office without requiring laboratory work.
Dental braces correct the misalignment of teeth and bite related problems. Braces exert a steady pressure on teeth which leads to teeth straightening or alignment.
Bridges and implants
These are the procedures to replace a missing tooth or many teeth.
There are many types of dental bridges but the most common one is fixed bridge. It is done to replace one or more of the missing teeth.
Implants are frames or metal posts that are surgically positioned into jawbones under gums to act as an anchor for replacement teeth.
Fillings and repair
Repairing and filling helps in restoring the teeth with cavities. Several dental fillings materials like silver amalgam (mercury mixed with zinc, silver, tin and copper) and resins are used in the procedure.
These are strong and thin pieces of resin or ceramic that is bonded to teeth to repair decayed, chipped and stained teeth. It also helps in closing gaps between the teeth.
Teeth darken naturally with age. Food consuming habits like excess of tea and coffee also stain the teeth. Teeth whitening is a process that involves whitening of teeth using peroxide based material to check and whiten the teeth.
Crowning and capping
Dental crowns (caps) protect damaged and cracked teeth. These crowns are made from porcelain, metals or from of materials. To improve appearance and add strength, they are placed over the visible tooth part above gum line.
A thin plastic coating is applied to the chewing surface of teeth to acts as a barrier against tooth decaying bacteria. Sealants immediately bonds to the teeth and forms a shield over enamel. It is usually applied to molars and premolars only.
Root canal procedure is performed to treat diseased and abscessed teeth. In this the damaged teeth is opened and cleaned to remove the infected tissue in the center.
Severely damaged tooth needs to be extracted for permanent relief. It consists of removing teeth from its socket in the bone. Most common tooth extraction cases are associated with wisdom tooth because these generally do not get enough space for development in jaw and remain impacted.
These are the general procedures that are commonly practiced in dental clinics. These treatments are only performed by dentists after examining patient’s oral health.